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India’s Moon Mission: Chandrayaan 2

by Puja Singh
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Every day with a new achievement and a new world record, India is all set to fulfill the dream of leaving its mark on the moon. Yes, it’s Chandrayan 2.0 or Chandrayan 2.

 ISRO (Indian Space Research Organisation) headquartered at Bengaluru was set up on 15th Aug, 1969 with a motive to “Harness space technology for national development while pursuing space science research and planetary exploration“. Since then it is moving a step forward day by day to reach where it is now and making more efforts to take it even further by overcoming all deadlocks.

Chandrayan 2 is ISRO’s dream mission as well as India’s, which was to be launched on 15th July, 2019. It was nicknamed as Bahubali and was to launch from GSLV MK 3 rocket. This is India’s second moon mission. Earlier Chandrayan 1, launched in 2008 was India’s first lunar probe making us 4th country in the world to place its flag on the moon.

Facts about Chandrayaan 2:

It is India’s 2nd planned moon mission which is totally indigenous and biggest one till date.

The journey of Chandrayan will be around 3.89 lakh kilometre weighs 3877 kilograms. It will collect data on water, mineral, the formation of lunar topography, water ice, lunar exosphere etc.

It has 3 modules, a lander named Vikram (named after Vikram Sarabhai), a rover named Pragyan and an orbiter.

The lander and the rover will land on the moon at 600 kms approx at the south pole. It would be the first time any mission will touch down so far from the equator.

The integrated module of Chandrayaan 2 will reach the moon orbit by using the orbiter propulsion module. Then the lander will automatically separate from the orbiter and land at a place close to the south pole of the moon.

Rover Pragyan will have 2 instruments onboard. It will test the mineral and chemical composition. Data around the south pole will be collected and sent. The data will be received by the lander, Vikram. Lander will send the data to the orbiter and the orbiter will be sent to the ISRO centre. The entire process will take around 15 min.

It was expected to launch on 15th July and reach the target by 6th Sept ‘19. Some technical hurdle was observed in the launch vehicle system an hour before the launch due to which the mission has to be aborted. ISRO is yet to announce the revised date. The entire nation prays and wish them luck.

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